Super Determinism and Free Will in Quantum Physics

Kuantum-fiziginde-super-determinizm-ve-ozgur-iradeWhat is superdeterminism and free will in quantum physics? Does superdeterminism destroy free will and hinder scientific research? What is the relationship between distance effect and Bell’s inequality and superdeterminism? Does superdeterminism prove Bohm’s theory of hidden variables? In previous articles, we discussed the question of whether there is free will in terms of philosophy and physics. This time, let’s see if there is a relationship between superdeterminism and free will. Let’s look at the connection between the linear probability wave function and our differential equations. A mind-opening article on quantum mechanics awaits you.

What is free will?

We generally understand free will as doing and getting whatever one wants. However, free will is not absolute will: Man is not omnipotent and cannot know everything. For this reason, we cannot think that the neurological and biological processes that constitute the infrastructure of consciousness prove that there is no free will. By neurological processes I mean unconscious processes that neurons carry out electrochemically. When I say biological, I mean hormones and involuntary metabolic processes. In any case, free will emerges in consciousness, that is, in the awareness of one’s own existence.

However, our subject is not just whether free will is an illusion or not. This time we will consider superdeterminism. As a matter of fact, superdeterminism in quantum mechanics is not omnipotence and omniscience. Superdeterminism does not mean that quantum mechanics is wrong, that randomness is an illusion. Nor does it say that physical interactions occur deterministically with local latent variables. So it does not prove David Bohm’s pilot wave theory. So what is superdeterminism and is it related to free will? Does it destroy free will and therefore hinder scientific research?

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{ 4}What is superdeterminism?

In Turkish, superdeterminism is a way of understanding quantum mechanics. At first, many physicists thought that quantum mechanics was against common sense. Physicists like Einstein, who came from the classical physics era, said that there is no effect from a distance and rejected the randomness in quantum mechanics. The third generation quantum physicists introduced the superdeterminism interpretation in the 1960s. It should not be surprising. Classical physics is part of the Schrödinger equation, and quantum mechanics was discovered by classical physicists (Max Planck and even Einstein). We also need to pay attention to a few points:

First of all, free will is independent of quantum randomness; because conscious processes are independent of randomness. Consciousness is an emergent concept. Just as the command lines and function of a software code are independent of the quantum interactions in the brains of the people who wrote it AND in the parts of the hardware that run it… free will is independent of physiology, neurology, and biology.

Now you will say that awareness of factors such as blood pressure medications, antidepressants, and stress effects. My point, however, is not mood or even the functioning of consciousness. I mean that our conscious decisions create their own reality, make up their own excuse. Just like when you’re playing a Star Wars video game, you feel like you’re part of that universe. Otherwise, even the best software will run slowly on an overheating phone. Human consciousness is not disconnected from unconscious infrastructure, it is independent. So what is superdeterminism and why is it so problematic in science? For one thing, we’re using the wrong term:

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Free will?


Is determinism super?

Determinism in physics means we can know everything theoretically.After all, all our decisions are the inevitable result of previous physical interactions. In classical physics, man is nothing but an automaton programmed by the past of the universe. So much so that, according to classical physics, we can know precisely the properties of a particle, such as its position and velocity, at a given moment. Then we know how the particle will behave in the infinite past and future.

I would also like to point out that infinity is incompatible with certain knowledge and infinities are inconsistent with determinist classical physics. After all, infinities cannot be calculated. Super-determinism is a wrong term is also related to this… If determinism allows for certain knowledge, can there be anything more certain than certain knowledge? It would be more correct to say universal or universal determinism instead of super determinism. However, physicists have good reason to speak of super-determinism, even if they use the wrong term:

Superdeterminism and universal variables

Exact knowledge in quantum mechanics it is impossible to obtain; because there is no exact information. John Stuart Bell proved with the Bell inequality experiment that there are no local hidden variables in quantum mechanics that we can never know. In short, information is created as we measure it. Moreover, no one can measure the entire universe! For this, it is necessary to use all of the matter and energy in the universe. For these reasons, quantum physics is indeterministic. As I mentioned in the quantum measurement problem, quantum eraser and quantum bomb experiment articles, measurements do not require a conscious observer.

So we can only make “local” measurements. These happen at a specific place and time. However, quantum fields surrounding the entire universe influence the behavior of quantum particles. We also calculate quantum fields with the wave function. So the wave function is universal. It encompasses all possible past and infinite future behavior of the universe. So, can quantum physics, that is, generalized quantum fields be deterministic?

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Is this what is meant by super-determinism?

John Stuart Bell said, “I’m sure there are no local hidden variables, but there can be non-local hidden variables.” They are quantum fields that surround the entire nonlocal universe. In this case, can the universe (quantum mechanics) be indeterministic at the local scale and random but deterministic at the universal scale (quantum field theory)? If there is more than one universe in the whole universe and in the universe, is the multiverse deterministic? Or do quantum multiple worlds (parallel universes) all work according to classical physics?

However, as we’ll see shortly, super-determinism means something else. Despite this, most physicists say that “superdeterminism does not know the science and free will. will do,” he thinks. Moreover, there are physicists among them who say that there is no free will. 😮 In quantum mechanics, you cannot know how a particle will behave. Instead, you know the probabilities of how he might act, but you know those probabilities for sure. That’s what superdeterminism is. Why do we know probabilities for sure?

We calculate the behavior of particles with the normalized Schrödinger equation. This is a linear equation that is also partially differential. In Turkish, it contains both classical mechanics and quantum mechanics elements. The probability wave function that determines the behavior of particles is a linear function and the sum of all probabilities is equal to 1. That’s why quantum physics is not one hundred percent indeterministic and random. Therefore, quantum fields in quantum field theory are quantized versions of classical fields. This is closely related to superdeterminism:

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Think for super-determinism

You are going to measure a particle and it will be a local measurement… However, the probability wave function showing the behavior of the particle is spread over the whole universe. So much so that it is very unlikely that the particle can get up from the measuring table and jump to a galaxy 10 billion light years away and come back. It does this by quantum tunneling, without exceeding the speed of light, of course.However, when you see a particle traveling from the right, you also have to account for the unrealized possibilities that it is traveling to the left or coming around the galaxy. Indeed, Richard Feynman said that the history of a particle is the sum of all its possible histories. Indeed, these should be added to the equation!

In short, we make local measurements. Information about the particle we measure in local measurements is formed while we are measuring; Because according to Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle, it is impossible to measure something without changing it. Since we measure something, instead of learning information, we create it; so there are no deterministic local hidden variables in quantum mechanics. On the other hand, the probability wave function that we affect with measurements does not belong to a single particle. This function represents the entire universe.

When we measure a particle, we also change this universal function. Yet we cannot calculate the infinite probability in the function and measure the entire universe. In contrast, our measurements are affected by the probability wave function that makes up the entire universe (that’s the odds that don’t happen). This is what super-determinism is. Therefore, it is wrong to say that super-determinism makes free will and science impossible. The right question is: If we measure the entire universe, can we get precise information? If we measure the entire universe, will quantum mechanics be deterministic? Let’s answer these questions using the uncertainty principle:

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Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

One end of the uncertainty principle is based on the Planck length. The Planck length is the shortest we can measure in the universe. We cannot measure shorter lengths; because the energy required for this leads to dazzling gamma-ray bursts. It also creates microscopic black holes. Not only can we not see inside black holes, but microscopic black holes instantly disappear by scattering dazzling gamma rays. That doesn’t mean there is nothing at distances shorter than the Planck length, but it does mean there is 100 percent uncertainty. Purely random quantum oscillations occur below the Planck length. So we cannot measure the entire universe precisely. Our measurement resolution is the Planck length.

Because the universe is not exact, it is impossible to measure the entire universe precisely. That’s why quantum mechanics is indeterministic. On the other hand, I said that measurement and physical interactions are basically the same thing. So when we measure a particle, that particle interacts with the entire universe, albeit so weakly that we can never measure it. It does this with an infinite number of possibilities, but with such a low probability that we can’t see it. These are also non-local hidden variables.

hidden variables that we can never access…

Bell so I’m sure there are no local hidden variables but there may be non-local hidden variables he said. Superdeterminism just tells us that there are hidden variables in the universe that are not local and we will never know. However, as in the case of software code, this does not preclude free will and doing science. This is why the sum of all quantum probabilities always equals 1.

Physicists like Sean Carroll find it absurd to take infinity into account when only a finite number of possibilities occur in a universe. To solve this, they say that every possibility that did not occur was lived in a separate parallel universe. This is the quantum multi-worlds interpretation. After reading all this, you might think that Bell understood this from superdeterminism. However, he also understood superdeterminism as classical determinism and led physicists to reject superdeterminism. Look what Bell has to say?

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In a BBC interview in 1983,

“There is a way to avoid the assumption of faster-than-light speeds and strange effects from afar. However, this requires absolute determinism and the absolute absence of free will in the universe. Let’s say the world is super deterministic.Let our behavior be absolutely predetermined, in the sense that we are free to choose to conduct another experiment instead of one. Including an experimenter’s ‘decision’ to make different measurements rather than a set of measurements. Then the difficulty disappears.”

In this sentence, we see that Bell misunderstood what determines the measurement results, let alone the definition of free will, in addition to the fact that information emerges during measurement. Moreover, he misunderstood the relationship of the statistical independence property, which is the basis of the Bell inequality, to measurements. We need to look at these to understand superdeterminism:

First of all, the behavior of a quantum particle depends on what you measure about it but it doesn’t depend on how you measure it! The statistical independence property in Bell’s inequality{ 4} indicates that the behavior of the particle does not depend on how you measure it. This is very important for superdeterminism, keep that in mind. Second, let me state that Bell did not like his results at all. The BBC interview demonstrates this. Although Planck and Einstein didn’t like the quantum mechanics they discovered either, quantum physics always proved right. Is it the curse of physicists or what? 😊 Bell’s mistake was to prove the right thing wrong:

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The original Bell inequality equation.


Superdeterminism and Bell

Bell wanted to show that Einstein’s proposition that there is no effect at a distance was false. However, I said that there is no such effect in the remote effect article, so Einstein objected in vain. Moreover, I pointed out that Einstein was only against the effect at a distance, rather than being hostile to quantum mechanics. In summary, Einstein thought that quantum mechanics was the approximate average of a true theory of local latent variables.

Bell made an additional assumption of statistical independence to falsify Einstein. That’s why I agree with the few physicists who say Bell is wrong. These physicists think that superdeterminism does not destroy free will. However, I think they also objected to Bell the wrong way! 😮 These physicists are of the opinion that Bell could never prove that there are no hidden variables but Bell has at least proven that there are no local hidden variables.

Second, statistical independence is essential for Bell’s inequality to prove that there are no local hidden variables. And this should only apply to the question of how we measure something, that is, with what device we measure it. For a particle’s behavior to depend on what we are measuring, its statistical independence must not apply to the question of what we are measuring! So the physicists who objected to Bell correctly define superdeterminism. He is also correct when he says that the Bell inequality is not valid for the universal wave function. However, the fact that statistical independence does not logically apply to what we are measuring indicates that Bell did not prove that there are no local hidden variables:

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Confusion for superdeterminism

So there are three problems: {3 }1) Bell got superdeterminism wrong. 2) That’s why many physicists misunderstood and opposed superdeterminism. He said it would destroy free will and science. Thus, he denied superdeterminism, which is one of the basic principles of quantum mechanics. 3) Few physicists like Sabine Hossenfelder get superdeterminism right. However, this time he misinterpreted the Bell inequality experiment because he misunderstood the relationship between the quantum measurement problem and statistical independence. This experiment has not proven that there are no hidden variables.

When the three errors come together, it turns out that even physicists often misunderstand quantum mechanics.Feynman is said to have said, “Whoever says they understand quantum theory is either lying or crazy.” If you click the link, you will see that you can easily say this; because he says in his famous lecture that nobody understands quantum physics.

What am I talking about then?

As a science writer, I explain why and how quantum mechanics has been misunderstood. Such misunderstandings are so great that they make it difficult to develop new physics to solve the universe. The problem is that many scientists are not philosophers. Philosopher shows that scientists can be more productive than mere physicists (which most physicists say science has now replaced philosophy!). However, we see that the two must work together.

We can finally say why super-determinism did not destroy free will. If the behavior of a particle depends only on what you are measuring, your consciousness is independent of how you measure it. So if you believe in free will, you’ll see why super-determinism cannot destroy free will. Logically, the two are unrelated. How do we show this in physics?

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Superdeterminism and entanglement

You change a particle’s probability wave function as you measure it. I said it depends on what you measure. For example, in the double-slit experiment, if you measure the particle as a “particle”, it behaves as a particle, and if you measure it as a wave, it behaves as a wave. If you look through which slit the particle goes through, it hits the opposite screen like a bullet. If you don’t look, even a single particle will interfere with itself and be reflected on the screen as waves. After all, you didn’t “create” the information of which path the particle took by measuring. This has a lot to do with entanglement.

For example, in the delayed-selection quantum eraser experiment, you wouldn’t change a particle’s history. In this experiment, all you do is look after which slit the particle went through. However, this does not change the past; because the path information of the particle is formed when you look at it. To put it more precisely: The wave function showing that the particle has passed through slit A is different from slit B. The total wave function of the A and B slits is different from the particle interference wavefunction reflected on the screen as a wave when you do not have the slit information! In short, the interference function is not equal to A + B.

All (in this case the interference wave) is greater than the sum of its parts (which is superdeterminism). I mean that when you measure something, you don’t update its information. You’re not crashing the wave function or anything. Information is created as you measure, depending on what you are measuring. So there is no need to research new physics to see how the wave function collapses. The Copenhagen interpretation is also wrong, the multi-worlds interpretation is also wrong, and the pilot wave is wrong.

So what’s right?

First of all, quantum entanglement only occurs between two particles that are close enough to touch. Then these particles affect each other, no matter how far apart they are. Entanglement occurs through physical interaction, but not physical interaction. Entanglement occurs by obeying the speed of light, but since there is no physical interaction, entanglement affects particles without exceeding the speed of light. Second superdeterminism is true. However, we do not know what is true, since we do not have a quantum theory of gravity and, better yet, a theory of everything. So far, I’ve only focused on getting what we know right. Why you ask:

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Probable wave function. representative.


Why is quantum mechanics important?

I want to make it easier for my fellow scientists to learn scientific thinking. As a matter of fact, as Marx said, if the forms of economic production change, the forms of management and governance change.After all, technology is not a human invention and it comes before humans, let alone the economy. Technology also develops only by doing research in basic sciences. The touch screen, mouse and www internet are proven by the development of the European Center for Nuclear Research (CERN), whose sole job is to collide protons. However, with these technologies came online education, remote working, smart phones and e-commerce. Quantum computers, quantum internet and artificial intelligence have arrived. So let’s understand the quantum correctly:

In the delayed selection quantum eraser experiment, when you collect the data of the particle passing through A and the data of the particle passing through B, you cannot obtain the original interference wave data that you would get if you never died. I said. In quantum A + B ≠ B + A… This asymmetry shows us the existence of nonlocal variables in accordance with superdeterminism and quantum fields. These show that only quantum physics can provide a physical infrastructure that allows free will. I will explain this at the end of the article, but first I want to show that physicists do not understand this.

Mistakes are wrong when repeated

After what we have learned so far, we may be surprised at these statements. For example, Honorable Professor Nicolas Gisin, who works in quantum information theory in Geneva, says: “The assumption of super-determinism is not even worth talking about. This is simply because many physicists, including those who specialize in quantum physics, are almost intimidated by the genuine randomness and nonlocality of quantum physics. For me, however, the situation is simple: Free will does not just exist. At the same time this; It is a prerequisite for speaking meaningfully about science, philosophy, and our own ability to think rationally. There is no rational thought without free will. As a result, it is obviously impossible for science and philosophy to ignore free will.” Continue:

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{5 }What did they say about superdeterminism?

Anton Zellinger is probably one of the most famous physicists alive. Long life, but he’s wrong about super-determinism. Although Zeillinger does not mention super-determinism in his book, but looking at the context, it seems that he generalizes statistical independence to nonlocal variables: “We assume the experimenter’s freedom inherently. This is the assumption of free will… This basic assumption is the essence of doing science.”

Going back to 1976, we find Shimony, Horne, and Clauser opposed to doubting statistical independence: “Such skepticism is essentially leads to rejecting the results of all scientific experiments,” they say. Whereas, statistical independence only applies in the absence of local latent variables. This is enough to have free will and do science. But are only scientists wrong? Philosopher Tim Maudlin makes the same mistake: Super-determinism “besides being crazy, it undermines the scientific method.”

Fortunately, among philosophers, 60 percent say that there is free will, and 10 percent say that there isn’t. Unfortunately, the rate of those who say that there is no free will among scientists is higher. Apart from superdeterminism, this is partly because they misunderstood a neurological experiment done many years ago. However, Libet, the person who conducted the experiment, said that the timing of cognitive activities related to human consciousness was wrongly measured in the brain! Many physicists are unaware of this. So now we can partially solve the quantum measurement problem. We can show why superdeterminism does not abolish free will:

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Afterword to superdeterminism

We don’t know our subconscious exactly.These affect our feelings and thoughts, but we do not know how they affect us. Thanks to this ignorance, our consciousness derives from our unconscious brain, but becomes independent of it. So free will is an illusion, but it exists precisely because it is an illusion. In the article What is existence and are objects real, I explained this not only for free will, but for the whole of human perception and thought. The same logic applies to superdeterminism.

The behavior of a particle depends on what we measure about it. Not how we measure it. Therefore, quantum measurements are not affected by human consciousness and do not affect human consciousness. Nature is not deterministic as there are no local latent variables and it does not limit human consciousness either. Thus, the necessary freedom space for free will is opened. On the other hand, universal quantum fields and probability wave function, that is, non-local latent variables that cause superdeterminism, are also statistical uncertainties.

Quantum epistemology

As these do not have physical reality, they are ontological as well. is not. Quantum fields are not entities and therefore superdeterminism does not work like classical determinism. Superdeterminism does not determine information. The universe is independent of random quantum fields, as it arises randomly from these fields. This both removes the problem of first cause in philosophy and makes room for that concept and “knowing” whether you believe in free will or not. The problem that many physicists object to is that this gap in Bell’s theorem can be filled with a more general theory to include local hidden variables. For the reasons I have explained above (initially, the uncertainty principle and Planck length, this does not seem possible).

If we do not see this, it will be difficult for us to develop a new physics that will answer the question “What exactly are the probability wavefunction and quantum fields?” With our own misunderstandings, we hinder our minds and science. So we can say that not super-determinism but its rejection makes it difficult to do sound science. You can also read what is free will and how does consciousness come out of the unconscious brain now. You may wonder if quantum reality is created by the conscious observer, and is it possible to code human consciousness with mathematics? You might not be able to slow down and ask if consciousness is a new physical state of matter. May the new year bring you health, happiness and abundance. Stay with science and health. 😊

James Webb Live Stream

1Superdeterminism: A Guide for the Perplexed{ 9} 2Rethinking Superdeterminism
3Testing Superdeterministic Conspiracy
4Testing super-deterministic hidden variables theories
5The Free Will Function
6Supermeasured: Violating Statistical Independence without violating statistical independence


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